Dictionary Toraja - English

by                           : Ravenna
category            : History and Culture
Sub Category : Language

Dictionary Toraja-English is a handbook that can help you when do the travel to Toraja  or when you do study literature about Toraja. In this dictionary you can found the meaning of words that usually used in both  main ceremony type that held in Toraja.
Eventhough yet still in this dictionary Toraja-English that translated in general terms. I mean some words in high level language Torajans is not yet  to understand by public and today just used at  a particular time  when do the ceremony by some people that understanding, be known as to minaa

Dictionary Toraja-English below containing  terminology that commonly found in text articles about Toraja that I collect from various source in term as an guide text. But not it all to the utmost complete set as well as considerable study  to understanding  Toraja in culture simple enough.

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Dictionary Toraja-English

 Aluk rapasan   =  The rules of funeral ceremony for the high nobility in Tana Toraja
 Aluk Todolo (aka.Alukta)  = original Trust Toraja society, which essentially is a belief in ancestral spirits.
 Arruan   =  migration groups who entered the Tana Toraja area in search of new residential areas
 Arruan Patang Pulo  =  representatives of indigenous groups in forming an alliance (union) which              mounted to 40.
 Arung  = title for the leader of the group Arruan forming a customs alliance.
 Balakkayan  = special building with function to share the flesh from the sacrifice in the funeral ceremony in      Tana Toraja.
 Bambapuang  = name of a region as well as the limits of the ethnic territory toraja
 Bane '  = banana leaves used as a place of offerings
 Basse = which is one type of Menhir contained in the death ceremony for the high nobility in Tana Toraja.  Literally means the oath or covenant, in a broader sense is a place of covenant or oath relating to human relationships as well as with the all-glorious. Batu Angsa = natural stone that looks like a goose, which is used as a means of ancestor worship ceremonies.
 Bombo = ancestral spirits who wander around human settlements.
 Bubun = wells or springs.
 Deata = God according to the belief that the Toraja people in charge to protect human life in the world.
 Didoya = One session in a funeral ceremony in Toraja society and takes place in a few days.
 Dipasangbongi = Ceremony  of death for Toraja people that only transpire in one day.
 Erong = container for the Toraja tomb made of wood. Used for people who come from middle social stratification or nobles.
 Kapuran Pangngan = A simple ceremony with offerings of betel set food for Puang Matua as an indication of holding a larger ceremony.
 Kandeandulang =  footed bowl made of wood
 Karopik = square shaped stone structure used as the first burial place for the nobles Toraja.
 Lakkian  = building for storing the bodies in the field of death ceremony.
 Lau '   = appelation to the area at Sea

 Liang  = Complex burial place of a traditional group, which consists of:
        - Liang Sillik : Tomb of the glen /cave
        - Liang Erong : Grave using container erong
        - Liang Toke' : Hanging Grave on the walls of cave
        - Liang Paa' : a carved stone grave
        - Patane : Tomb of special building made to resemble a traditional house Tongkonan
 Ma'Bugi '   = a kind of ceremony that surrounded the village with a special song to ask the spirits of the ancestors in order to eliminate all the troubles and disasters are rampant.
 Ma 'Batang  = initial rate of death ceremony, held at Tongkonan for the high nobility.
 Ma 'Badong  = dancing with a circular formation is accompanied by songs and poems of grief, at the time of the funeral ceremony.
 Ma ' Peliang  = A funeral bodies in complex Liang.
 Ma ' Palao  = Ritual death second level have been implemented in the field (aka.rante) for the high nobility.
 Ma 'Tundan  = ceremony as a wake body, this is will mark the start of the second stage of funeral rites.
 Ma ' Pasilaga Tedong  = Spreading buffalo in the middle of the field at the time of the funeral ceremony for the high nobility.
 Ma 'Parampe  = Funeral symbolically on the house before the funeral ceremony was held on a large scale for the high nobility.
 Ma 'Tinggoro   = one method to slaughtered a buffalo without bound it with way a single swing of machette in to the neck .
 Ma 'Dampi  = Treating the sick or people with an unclean spirit.
 Mangrui'batu   = one kind of ceremony to held with pull about Menhir (stone) from the place of origin to the field where to be established (set).
 Mantunu    = Next stages of slaughtering animal in Tana Toraja's death ceremony
 Massemba '    = popular game for men in a way that try a fall (collision) feet, fighting took place on the field and be done in death ceremony .
 Massaung    = The game pitted cocks, took place in the field and be done at the time of death ceremony.
 Massalusalu   = ceremony that dedicated to the ancestral spirits, in order to out of disaster.
 Massura'tallang   = ceremony of thanksgiving to the spirits of the ancestors for the safety and welfare
 Merook   = ceremony that dedicated to the highest god as a sign that their ancestors had been accepted as a god in Puya.
 Padang   = 1)Soil ;  2) large areas.
 Pa'Puangan   = special place to perform the ceremony, addressed to the supreme god (Puang Matua)
 Patane   = tomb which type-shaped  Toraja house.
 Pesung   = libation ; dedicated offerings in the worship ceremony
 Pesungan Bane '  = 1) A type of offerings that are placed on banana leaves, 2)Can also mean a standing stone is used as a medium during a ceremony - for the safety and welfare of mankind.
 Puang   = high noble title in Tana Toraja
 Puang Matua   = highest god as the creator of the universe and its contents.
 Puya   = The spirits world (afterlife), it be inhabited by ancestral spirits who have reached the level of saintliness.
 Rapasan   = special ceremony for the death of the high nobility.
 Rambu Tuka '   = ceremony associated with human life in the world, held in the morning in the eastern part Tongkonan.
 Rambu Solo '   = ceremony associated with death, held in the afternoon in the west Tongkonan.
 Rante   = Place the flat and wide (= field)
 Rante Sarapuk   = Place of the ceremony as a sign of gratitude to the ancestors for the welfare and safety.
 Rante Simbuang   = The place of a special funeral ceremony for the high nobility.
 Sarapuk   = Altar stone receptacle in the worship of thanksgiving offerings to deata.
 Sarigan   =  Place to carry the bodies,  shaped like a traditional home Tongkonan.
 Sillik    = literally means stuffed. In a broader sense is as a form of burial for the people who come from low social stratification (slave), usually the bodies buried in the crevices of natural caves or in crevices of roots / tree trunks.
 Simbuang   = Menhir (standing stone) that serves as a symbol of the ancestors in the implementation of the death ceremony. Also be a place to tie the buffalo were slaughtered in the field before the ceremony for the royal party high mortality.
  Tana '   = division of social stratification for the Toraja, consisting of:
                  - Tana 'Bulaan (= Noble High)
                  - Tana 'Bassi (= Group medium)
                  - Tana 'Karurung (= Society Regular)
                  - Tana 'KuaKua (= Group of Slaves)
 TauTau   = statues are made of wood as the personification of the people who have died
 To Manurun   = People who descended from the heaven as leaders of customary groups in Tana Toraja.
 To Mabalun    = The special duty to bind the body.
 To Membali Puang    = ancestral spirits who have reached the level of god.
 To Minaa   = religious leaders
 Tondok Lepongan Bulan Tana Matari 'Allo   = customs union territories Name Tanah Toraja, before the term used Toraja. The meaning of the name is a country shaped like the moon and illuminated by the sun, which is a country that is a unified whole and intact with a system of power or rule of customary Aluk Todolo.
 Tongkonan  = House of Traditional Toraja, consisting of
                  - Tongkonan Bato'Ariri   = Tongkonan with function for the family residence in general)
                  - Tongkonan To Parengnge '  = Tongkonan that serves as the home of the head of a group of indigenous customary particular.
                  - Tongkonan Layuk = Tongkonan that serves as a regional government center alliance some custom union. And is the traditional term for a typical Toraja house first built by a particular community in the past, as a place of origin of all the customary rules of society.
 To Do (= Dao = Jao)  = People who live in higher areas, or in a symbolic show of a ruler.
 To Diong (= Jiong)  = People who live in lower areas, or in a symbolic show an originating from lower social classes.
 To Lannya’  (= To Malajang) = is a person who died just disappear without a note where the bodies.
 To Parengnge '= Degree for Indigenous leader or ruling on a particular indigenous group.
 Tumpuang = Menhir that serves as the boundary between the sacred and the profane, or as a sign of rejection Try.

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